Aryan Invasion Theory – The Biggest Lie Ever
- The So-called Theory
- Our Ancient Texts – Where are The Aryans
- Archaeological Proof
- Genetic Study – No Aryans
- The Linguistic Angle
- Astronomical Reference – Much Older Vedic Period
- Politics, not History
The theory of Indo-Aryan migration was proposed in mid-19th century by German linguist and Sanskrit scholar Max Muller. He had suggested, around 1500 B.C., a dramatic migration of Indo-European speakers from Central Asia played a key role in shaping contemporary South Asian populations and this was responsible for introduction of the Indo-European language family and the caste system in India.
Speaking of the Aryan invasion theory, it would probably be an oversimplification to say: “Germans invented it, British used it,” but not by much. The concept of the Aryans as a race and the associated idea of the ‘Aryan nation’ were very much a part of the ideology of German nationalism. For reasons known only to them, Indian educational authorities have continued to propagate this obsolete fiction that degrades and divides her people. They have allowed their political biases and career interests to take precedence over the education of children. They continue to propagate a version that has no scientific basis.
Our Ancient Texts – Where are The Aryans
The point to note is that the idea of the Aryans as foreigners who invaded India and destroyed the existing Harappan Civilization is a modern European invention; it receives no support whatsoever from Indian records – literary or archaeological. The same is true of the notion of the Aryans as a race; it finds no support in Indian literature or tradition. The word ‘Arya’ in Sanskrit means noble and never a race. The word Arya, according to those who originated the term, is to be used to describe those people who observed a code of conduct; people were Aryans or non-Aryans depending on whether or not they followed this code. This is made entirely clear in the Manudharma Shastra or the Manusmriti (X.43-45)
There is not one word in our scriptures, not one to prove that the Aryans ever came from anywhere outside India … the whole of India is Aryan, nothing else
According to the theory, the Rig Veda have been composed by the invading Aryans. But it contains no reference whatsoever to a distant homeland or to an invasion or migration into Bharatbarsha. Any tribe who migrates to a distant land, should be nostalgic about their homeland. Most importantly, the battles with the Dasyus, described as dark beings, are clearly of a mythological character, similar to the battles in the Purānas between devas and asuras. The Rig Veda has numerous references to ocean, ships, sailing, storms and waves, all of which invaders from Central Asia would not have known about. Neither there is any mentioning of some distant homeland in Rig-Veda. It’s been concluded that all major components of the Indian populations have been settled here for some 50,000 years, at least. (Mitochondrial DNA lineages , T. Kivisild et. al, Current Biology, Vol 9, No 22, pp 1331-134)
Had the Aryans migrated into India, we would expect some evidence of different tools, weapons, objects of daily use, pottery style or art forms, but that’s not the case. In addition to that, if there was a conflict between the natives and the invaders, the skeletons should bear some sign of the war; none of which has been found. The lead researchers of Rakhigarhi expedition team — Vasant Shinde and Neeraj Rai — told that the knowledge ecosystem in the Vedic era was guided by “fully indigenous” people with limited external contact. According to Rai, the evidence points to a predominantly indigenous culture that voluntarily spread across other areas, not displaced or overrun by an Aryan invasion. “The condition of the human skeletons, the burial…all show absence of palaeo-pathology symptoms which could indicate ailments due to lack of medical care. The persons here were healthy; denture morphology showed teeth free of any infection; bones are healthy, as is the cranium.”. The study has, in fact, noted that some burial rituals observed in the Rakhigarhi necropolis prevail even now in some communities, showing a remarkable continuity over thousands of years. There does not seem to be any major break in culture as required by the invasion scenario. On the contrary, there is ample evidence of continuity of tradition, showing that the transition was gradual. Same kinds of weights and measures continued to be used; even in Gupta period we find the same weights as used in Harappan cities being used. Even in modern day we find the same type of water jugs, carts, surma and comb designs being used.
But isn’t it true that India did not have horses, chariots and wheels even by the time of the Indus valley civilization?
This is totally false. It is an area where Indians will need to re-educate themselves. Horse bones of the true horse, Equus caballus have been found in Bagor in Rajasthan dating back to 3500 BCE. Horse bones dating well before 1500 BCE have been found in the Indian valley civilization. True horse bones dated to 2000 BCE have been found in UP. Toy wheels on carts and chariots have been found in the Harappan area from 3500 BCE. A complete war chariot from 2000 BCE has been found in Sanauli near Delhi. The world’s earliest painted images of chariots have been found in central Indian cave art dated back to the late microlithic and early Chalcolithic period (2500–1500 BCE). The 1500 BCE Daimabad bronze chariot was found in Maharashtra 2000 km south of the Khyber pass from a time when India was supposed to have no chariots or wheels.
Genetic Study – No Aryans
DNA study is one of unfailable method which can prove/disprove one theory. As published in an american journal on 2011, one research was carried out for analyzing DNA on north-western part of India to shed more light on Aryan Invasion theory. “Our study clearly shows that there was no genetic influx 3,500 years ago,” said Dr Kumarasamy Thangaraj of CCMB, who led the research team, which included scientists from the University of Tartu, Estonia, Chettinad Academy of Research and Education, Chennai and Banaras Hindu University. Researchers analysed some six lakh bits of genetic information in the form of SNPs drawn from DNA of over 1,300 individuals from 112 populations including 30 ethnic groups in India. The comparison of this data with genetic data of other populations showed that South Asia harbours two major ancestry components. One is spread in populations of South and West Asia, Middle East, Near East and the Caucasus. The second component is more restricted to South Asia and accounts for more than 50 per cent of the ancestry in Indian populations. “The genetic component which spread beyond India is significantly higher in India than in any other part of world. This implies that this genetic component originated in India and then spread to West Asia and Caucasus,” said Gyaneshwar Chaube of University of Tartu, Estonia. In recent times, the DNA study of the skeletal remains found at the Harappan site of Rakhigarhi, Haryana, shows no Central Asian trace, indicating the Aryan Invasion Theory was flawed and Vedic evolution was not caused by any external influence. The director of Rakhigarhi research team, Prof. Vasant Shinde has highlighted that the skeletal remains found belonged to those people who died because of flood, not an invasion. He also went on to confirm that we are the descendants of Harappans, not any Iranian/Central Asian tribe.
The Linguistic Angle
One common logic in favor of Aryan Invasion Theory is The similarities between Sanskrit, Latin and Greek, which is said to prove that there was once a proto Indo-European language, from which all three are descended. Aryans came with their language and influenced the native language – Sanskrit. But a common source does not prove the direction of migration; it can very well be possible that the Aryan tribes traveled from India to Europe. Also, one must point out that Vedic Sanskrit has a large number of vocables which are not present in such numbers in any other Indo-European language and its consonants are purer. This suggests that ancient Sanskrit is the original source, or at any rate the oldest source.
Some other arguments are often thrown into table which tries to establish that the language Sanskrit itself came with the Aryans. One such logic focuses on the similarity on Sanskrit and Ancient Persian language. But if we look carefully, in Zorastranism, “Asura“-s are referred as Gods and “Deva“-s are portrayed on a negative shade. As we already know from history that Xerxes (Persian King) forcibly prohibited the worshiping of “Deva“-s in Persia, we can conclude that Persians actually broke away from ancient Hindus and they wanted to showcase their difference. We can see the word “Sindhu” repeatedly in Vedas. The river Indus is called “Sindhu” which actually means sea. Why a mere river is termed as ‘sea’, in spite of presence of oceans across Indian borders? Because, in Vedic terms, “Sindhu” did not indicate sea; there was a separate word for that – “samudra“. This term is used frequently throughout various portions of the Rig-Veda; and Varuna (one of the oldest Vedic gods who is mentioned in a 1400 B.C Hittite inscription) is categorically stated to be lord of oceans. Another Vedic God, “Indra“, is known as “destroyer of Forts”. The so-called Aryans were nomadic tribe, how could they imagine a fort? There are numerous other examples where insane efforts were made to elaborate the supremacy of people of western root. Some crazy theorists even tried to say that Egyptians, Assyrrians, Chinese and Indians – all great civilizations were formed by the same western group. Some even said that “Christ” became “Krishna” when he came to India. But, those theories, for obvious reason, have been thrown into trash can, so is the “Aryan Invasion Theory”.
Vedas were much older than a mere timestamp of 1500 B.C. The proof lies in Archaeo-astronomical references in ancient Indian texts. Herman Jacobi (1850–1937) was both a Sanskrit scholar and an astronomer, a unique combination of skills that allowed him to notice, in the Rig Veda, what linguists with no understanding of astronomy, or astronomers with little knowledge of the Vedas could never notice. Jacobi’s serendipitous discovery was a passage in the Rig Veda V.18–19 that described a full moon on the day of the winter solstice in the month of Phalguna. Jacobi correctly dated the event back to a time in the third millennium BCE or earlier. (For those who cannot understand the relation of a full moon to dating system: if you have ever looked at the sky chart, probably you will also have heard that it changes time to time. Every day, every hour, every minute it changes but in so acute level that even with all our machines, we cannot identify it. In the statement notice the concurrency of three events – “Full Moon”, “day of the winter solstice” and “month of Phalguna (Phalguna is drived from the word ‘ Uttorfalguni’ which is the Sanskrit name of a star, the exact start and end points of this month is decided on combinations of this star and moon position in the sky )”. In 1893, Bal Gangadhar Tilak had noted a reference in the Rig Veda of the occurrence of the vernal equinox in the constellation Orion, dating the event back to 4,000 BCE. While the dates may be a topic of some disagreement, they are all older than the rigid 1500–1000 BCE dates demanded by linguists to support their theory via a fake Aryan myth story.
Politics, not History
So, why the western guys went through so much effort in establishing a vague logic. Many Indian scholars see this as a blatant racism on the part of westerners, who arrogated all the glory to the foreigners who are white-skinned and blue-eyed as themselves. The Bible, as is well known, consists of two books: the Old Testament and the New Testament. The Old Testament gives the traditional history of mankind. It is of course a Jewish creation. The New Testament is also of Jewish origin; recently discovered manuscripts known as the Dead Sea Scrolls show that Christianity, in fact, began as an extremist Jewish sect. But it was turned against the Judaism of its founding fathers by religious propagandists with political ambitions. In fact, anti-Semitism first makes its appearance in the New Testament, including in the Gospels. Nonetheless, without Judaism there would be no Christianity. By creating this pseudo-science based on race, Europeans of the Age of Enlightenment sought to free themselves from their Jewish heritage. It is interesting to note that this very same theory – of the Aryan invasion and colonization of Europe – was later applied to India and became the Aryan invasion theory of India. In reality it was nothing more than a projection into the remote past of the contemporary European experience in colonizing parts of Asia and Africa.
The sum total of all this is that Indians have no reason to be defensive about the word Arya. It applies to everyone who has tried to live by the high ideals of an ancient culture regardless of race, language or nationality. It is a cultural designation of a people who created a great civilization. Anti-Semitism was an aberration of Christian European history, with its roots in the New Testament, of sayings like “He that is not with me is against me.” If the Europeans (and their Indian disciples) fight shy of the word, it is their problem stemming from their history. Modern India has many things for which she has reason to be grateful to European knowledge, but this is definitely not one of them. If Vedas was product by some people emerged from modern day Europe, we should have seen more such astonishing creations from that area (there is none). The one and only purpose of “Aryan Invasion Theory” is to establish the propaganda “There is nothing Indian about India”.
Mitochondrial DNA lineages, Current Biology, Vol 9, No 22 – T. Kivisild et. al
Ancient Cities of the Indus Valley Civilization – Jonathan Mark Kenoyer
Article from BBC
Article from Economic Times
Article from India Today
Article from The Telegraph